We invite you to explore the below with a critical mind - interrogate methodology, institutions, analyses drawn - and arrive at your own truths. The below test particular kinds of empathy and awareness training that we deem fundamentally similar to ours.
Neuroscience Research on Awareness Training
Repeated awareness training increases the brain's efficiency and effectiveness in responding to multiple rapid stimuli, as tested using brain imaging and scanning: Stagter HA, Lutz A, Greischar LL, Francis AD, Nieuwenhuis S, et al. (2007) Mental training effects distribution of limited brain resources. PloS Biol 5(6): e138. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050138
Repeated awareness training lessens our experience of pain and intensity, as found in tests using MRI's: Perlman DM, Salomons TV, Davidson RJ, Lutz A (2010) Differential effects of pain intensity and unpleasantness of two meditation practices. Emotion 10(1): 65-71.
Brain efficiency and attention are enhanced with focus and/or awareness training, as found using EEGs: Lutz A, Slagter HA, Rawlings NB, Francis AD, Greischar LL, Davidson RJ. (2009) Mental training enhances attentional stability: neural and behavioral evidence. The Journal of Neuroscience: 29(42):13418-13427.
Long-term openness / awareness training reduces our experience of pain before, during, and after anticipated painful stimuli, as tested using brain MR imaging and scanning equipment: Lutz A, McFarlin DR, Perlman DM, Salomons TV, Davidson RJ. (2013) Altered anterior insula activation during anticipation and experience of painful stimuli in expert meditators. NeuroImage: 64: 538-546.
Neuroscience Research on Compassion Training
Compassion cultivation training impacts resource distribution decision-making and emotional state in experiment including neural imaging: Weng HY, Fox AS, et al. (2013) Compassion training alters altruism and neural responses to suffering. Psychological Science 24(7):1171-1180.